Japanese Particle Lesson: wa, ga and mo particle (は、が、も)

皆さんこんにちは、今回の授業は助詞を勉強します, good evening learners, today's lesson is learning japanese particles, yeah, this is the first time we learn Japanese particles in this blog^^.

Particle is one or more Hiragana characters that attach to the end of a word to define the grammatical function of that word in the sentence. Particle is called 助詞 (joshi) in Japanese language and there are many particles in Japanese language. We will learn them little by little in this blog, for now we are learning 3 japanese particles that used to define the subject. は,  が and も particle. Let's start from は particle.

The Particle は / wa (Topic Marker Particle)

The first particle we will learn is は that is used to define a topic, written with は (ha) in hiragana but は as topic marker particle always pronounced "wa".
watashi wa riizhu
I am Riizhu
watashi wa riizhu janai
I am not riizhu
koro wa sensei desu
koro is a teacher
watashi no namae wa riizhu
my name is riizhu
Suzuki wa sushi o taberu
Suzuki eats sushi
Sushi ga Suki na hito wa Suzuki desu
The person who likes sushi is Suzuki
Suzuki wa sushi ga suki na hito desu
Suzuki is the person who likes sushi

The Particle も / mo (Inclusive Topic Marker Particle)

This particle is similar particle with above, this particle is used and placed like は particle. It is essentially the topic particle with the additional meaning of "also". Basically, it can introduce another topic in addition to the current topic.
Koro wa sensei desu
Koro is a teacher
Karasuma mo sensei desu
Karasuma is also a teacher
Suzuki wa sushi ga suki janai desu
Suzuki does not like sushi
Watashi mo sushi ga suki janai desu
I also do not like sushi
Anata wa gakkou ni ikeba watashi mo iku
If you go to school, I also go to school
Watashi no shumi wa nihongo no benkyou desu, anata wa?
My hobby is learning Japanese language, how about you?
Watashi mo
Me, too^^

The Particle が / ga (Identifier Particle)

Okey, so now we can make a topic using the 「は」 and 「も」 particle. But what if we don’t know what the topic is? What if I wanted to ask, “Who is the teacher?” What I need is some kind of identifier because I don't know who the student is. If I use the topic particle, the question would become, “Is who the student?” and that doesn't make any sense because "who" is not an actual person.

This is where the 「が」 particle comes into play. It is also referred to as the subject particle, but I hate that name since "subject" means something completely different in English grammar. Instead, I call it the identifier particle because the particle indicates that the speaker wants to identify something unspecified.
Dare ga sensei desu ka
Who is the teacher
Koro ga sensei desu
Koro is the teacher
Koro wa sensei desu
Koro is a teacher
Sensei ga koro desu
The teacher is Koro
Karasuma mo sensei desu
Karasuma is also a teacher

The Difference Between は and が Particle

Though は and が particle sometimes can be interchangeable and have the same English translation. But actually は and が have different meaning and sense. The 「は」 particle is used only to bring up a new topic of conversation while the 「が」 particle identifies a specific property of something. Maybe the two sentences below can give an illustration of the difference between them.
watashi wa sensei
as for me, (I am) a teacher
watashi ga sensei
I (am) the one (that is) teacher

All right everyone, that's the japanese particle lesson for today^^ difficult or easy guys? chotto muzukashii desu ne, It's a difficult enough, isn't? but don't worry, you will be more understanding if you have reached Japanese intermediate lesson, trust me, I felt it, so keep spirits all(=^・^=) ganbatte!.

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