Japanese Natural Condition Form: ~to / ~da to (~と/~だと)

Mina-san konbanwa, good evening learners, how are you, learners? Are you ready to learn another Japanese conditional lesson today? OK  prepare yourself, we will also learn one of four Japanese conditional forms in today's class, Jaa, jugyou o hajimemashou, let's begin:

Grammar ~to / ~da to (~と / ~だと)

JLPT Level: N4
Meaning: If..
Explanation: to conditional is used to express natural consequence. However, even if the statement isn't a natural consequence in itself, the to conditional will tell the audience that it is nevertheless expected to be a natural consequence. To conditional always in present/future tense, not in past tense. And you cannot use a personal will using this to conditional form.
Formula: sentence 1 + to + sentence 2
Note: for noun and na-adjective you must attach だ first before と.
Sentence Example:
学校に行かない と友達と会えないよ
gakkou ni ikanai to tomodachi to aenai yo
If you don't go to school, you can't meet your friends
先生だと 、きっと年上なんじゃないですか?
sensei da to, kitto toshiue nanjanai desu ka?
If he's a teacher, he must be older for sure, right?
このノブを回す と 、音が大きくなります
kono nobu wo mawasu to , oto ga ookiku narimasu
If you turn this knob, volume will go up
春になる と、桜が咲きます
haru ni naru to , sakura ga sakimasu
If Spring comes, the cherry blossom will bloom
See also: Japanese Conditional Lesson: ~ba and Japanese Conditional Lesson: ~tara

Ok, until here, we have learned three various of Japanese conditional form, stil there is a way to make a conditional using なら, I will post about なら tomorrow, so, visit this blog again tomorrow^^, see you learners, take care.

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