Japanese Grammar ~cha and ~nakucha (~ちゃ/~ちゃなくちゃ)

Doumo, what's up^^ guys, with me riizhu let's learn Japanese language online here^^, the lesson today is still about prohibition and obligation, today I am going to share abbreviated versions of prohibition grammar. As usual, let's to the point, begin:

Grammar ~cha dame/ikenai/naranai (~てはだめ/いけない/ならない)

JLPT Level: -
Meaning: Must not (prohibition)
Formula: ~cha/~jaa + dame/ikenai/naranai
Explanation: Change the ending of te form + wa become cha (ちゃ) and jaa (じゃ) if the ending is de like yonde, asonde etc.
Example: tabete wa becomes tabecha, nonde wa becomes nonja. And unlike in obligation, in this grammar you cannot omit ikenai/naranai/dame.
Sentence Example:
逃げちゃだめ
nigecha dame
You can't (must not) escape
男として、泣いちゃいけない
otoko toshite, naicha ikenai
As a man, you must not cry
眠い時に運転しちゃならない
nemui toki ni unten shicha naranai
Don't (must not) drive when sleepy/tired

Related post: Japanese Grammar ~nakucha, ~nakya (~なくちゃ、~なきゃ)

Ok, that was ~cha dame/ikenai/naranai grammar, I hope you understood and liked the lesson^^, jaa mata ashita ne, see you later.

1 Response to "Japanese Grammar ~cha and ~nakucha (~ちゃ/~ちゃなくちゃ)"

  1. A nice way to define ~cha and ~nakucha .Thanks for sharing your knowledge Riizhu .

    ReplyDelete

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