Plain Command Form (Imperative Form) in Japanese Language

Yow, yow, doumo mina-san, riizhu desu, maybe you will never use or (I hope you never) hear this imperative form in real world but surely you will hear this imperative if you watching anime, film and dorama^^, so I think this grammar also useful to learn. This imperative form is very rude and used by someone to her/his friends in informal situations.

Informal Imperative Form Verb

JLPT Level: -
Meaning: informal command
Formula:
change the verb into meireikei
For u-ending verbs change the u-ending to e-ending. Example:
買う > 買え
kau > kae
死ぬ > 死ね
shinu > shine
書く > 書け
kaku > kake
話す > 話せ
hanasu > hanase
待つ > 待て
matsu > mate
飲む飲め
nomu > nome
For ru-ending verbs: change ru-ending to ro. Example:
食べる > 食べろ
taberu > tabero
見る > 見ろ
miru > miro
辞める > 辞めろ
yameru > yamero
And for irregular verbs, suru and kuru, suru become shiro and kuru become koi and kureru become kure. Example:
する > しろ
suru > shiro
来る > 来い
kuru > koi
くれる > くれ
kureru > kure
Note: This form sounds very blunt and harsh: avoid using it for commands and request and It is used in quotation, public sign, Anime, etc
Sentence Example:
「起きろ」と父が言いました
"okiro" to chichi ga iimashita
My daddy said "get up!"
お金をくれ!
O-kane o kure!
Give me your money!
こっちへ来い!
Kocchi e koi!
Come here!
死ね!
Shine!
Die!
頑張れ!
Ganbare!
Go for it! / Keep going!
やめろ!
Yamero!
Stop it!
ganbare kuroko

ganbare! grammar

Maybe you may also like to read: Japanese Grammar Lesson: ~nasai (~なさい)

Ok, stop it, stop the lesson^^, and let's learn other Japanese lessons again tomorrow^^, mata aou ne.

1 Response to "Plain Command Form (Imperative Form) in Japanese Language"

  1. Hello, it is quite confusing....it can be written to elaborate with Japanese Example

    ReplyDelete

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