Japanese Conditional Form: ~ba (~ば)

Hi there, welcome back to your Japanese lesson with me riizhu, let's learn Japanese lesson here together. Today, we are going to learn a Japanese conditional lesson using ~ba, there are many conditional forms in Japanese, but in this article we will focus on learning ~ba conditional form and we will learn other conditional forms in next posts.

Must Learn Before, Learn Izenkei: 4 Japanese Verb Basic Conjugations

Grammar ~ba (~ば)

JLPT Level: N4
Formula: Sentence 1 + ba + sentence 2
If the ending of sentence 1 is:
Verb: Izenkei verb + ば. Example:
読む > 読めば
yomu > yomeba
食べる > 食べれば
taberu > tabereba
する > すれば
suru > sureba
来る > 来れば
kuru > kureba
I-adjective/Negative form: Drop い ending and attach ければ. Example:
良い > 良ければ
yoi > yokereba
面白くない > 面白くなければ
omoshirokunai > omoshirokunakereba
Noun/Na-adjective + であれば. Example:
有名 > 有名であれば
yuumei > yuumei de areba
先生 > 先生であれば
sensei > sensei de areba
Meaning: If...
Explanation: This expression is used when you want to say things like "If you do A, the *natural consequence would be* B" type of "if" sentences.
Sentence Example:
もう少し安ければ、買います
mou sukoshi yasureba, kaimasu
I will buy it if it is a little bit cheaper
君が学校に行けば私も行く
kimi ga gakkou ni ikeba watashi mo iku
If you go to school I will also go
部屋が暗ければ、電気を付けてください
heya ga kurakereba denki o tsukete kudasai
If the room is dark, please turn on the light
明日、いい天気であれば、サッカーをしませんか
ashita, ii tenki areba, sakka o shimasen ka
If It's fine tomorrow, won't you play soccer with me
Also read: The Characteristics of Japanese Language

1 Response to "Japanese Conditional Form: ~ba (~ば)"

  1. Very easy to understand Japanese conditional lesson, Thank you.
    It will help every language reader to improve way of speech and make easy for them to know how to read Japanese.

    ReplyDelete

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